Orchids Wiki
Corallorhiza trifida

Corallorrhiza trifida f.jpg

Scientific Classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Magnoliophyta
Class: Liliopsida
Order: Asparagales
Subfamily: Epidendroideae
Tribe: Maxillarieae
SubTribe: Corallorhizinae
Genus: Corallorrhiza
Species: C. trifida
Binomial name
Corallorrhiza trifida
Chatelain 1760

Corallorhiza trifida is a species in the genus Corallorrhiza. It is a cool growing saprophytic orcid.


Plant has no leaves (apart from a few scale leaves on the stem) and remains dormant most of the year. Plant blooms from early summer with up to twelve 1 cm wide greenish-yellow flowers on each spike. The plant grows to about 15–20 cm (rarely to 30 cm) tall.


Corallorhiza trifida has a circum-boreal distribution, found around ditches, swamps, and wet woodland areas from Russia, northern and eastern Europe to Turkey, and in the northern United States and Canada, from 0 to around 600 m elevation. In Britain, it is confined to the north, in Scotland and northernmost England.


Corallorrhiza trifida in its habitat


Common Name:Coralroot Orchid


  1. Corallorrhiza anandae Malhotra & Balodi 1984 publ. 1985
  2. Corallorhiza corallorhiza (L.) MacMill.; Corallorhiza dentata Host
  3. Corallorhiza ericetorum Drejer
  4. Corallorhiza halleri (L.) Rich.
  5. Corallorrhiza innata Brown; Corallorrhiza intacta Cham.
  6. Corallorrhiza integra Châtel. 1760
  7. Corallorrhiza jacquemontii Decne. 1844
  8. Corallorhiza nemoralis Sw. ex Nyman 1882
  9. Corallorrhiza neottia Scop., Fl. Carniol. 1772
  10. Corallorhiza occidentalis La Pilaye
  11. Corallorrhiza trifida subsp. virescens (Drejer) Løjtnant 1996
  12. Corallorrhiza trifida var. verna (Nutt.) Fernald 1946
  13. Corallorrhiza trifida var. virescens (Drejer) Farw. 1941
  14. Corallorhiza verna Nutt. 1823
  15. Corallorhiza virescens Drejer ex Heynh. 1843
  16. Corallorrhiza wyomingensis Hellm. & K.Hellm. 1931
  17. Cymbidium corallorrhiza [L.] Sw. 1800
  18. Epidendrum corallorrhizon (L.) Poir. 1810
  19. Epipactis corallorrhiza (L.) Crantz 1769
  20. Helleborine corallorrhiza (L.) F.W.Schmidt 1793
  21. Neottia corallorrhiza (L.) Kuntze 1891
  22. Ophrys corallorrhiza Linne

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