Orchids Wiki
Cymbidium sinense

Cymbidium sinense.JPG

Scientific Classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Magnoliophyta
Class: Liliopsida
Order: Asparagales
Subfamily: Epidendroideae
Tribe: Cymbidieae
SubTribe: Cyrtopodiinae
Genus: Cymbidium
Species: Cym. sinense
Binomial name
Cymbidium sinense
[And.] Willd. 1805

Cymbidium sinense or 墨兰 in chinese, is a species of Cymbidium endemic to Southern China and Northern Vietnam


Plants flower from fall to spring with up to twenty flowers per an inflorescence. Flowers are usually around 5 cm wide and fragrant.


Plants are found in humid lowland forests in rich soil and on mountain slopes usually near water at elevations of 0 to 2000 meters. Cymbidium sinense is found in Guangdong, Hainan,Taiwan, Fujian, Jiangxi, Southern Sichuan, Guizhou, and Yunnan provinces of China and Northern Vietnam.


Grow cool to warm temperatures in diffused light to shade. Use a well drained mix and long pots because of large root system. Plants are grown in various medium such as 100% clay soil, full charcoal; 30% a mix of pumice, 40% clay pellets, and 30% gravel; full lava rock; full medium bark; or 40% perlite, 25% gravel, and 35% bark. Keep area well ventilated. Water once a week and reduce watering during winter.


Common Name: The Chinese Cymbidium


  1. Cymbidium albojucundissimum Hayata 1914
  2. Cymbidium chinense Heynh. 1841
  3. Cymbidium fragrans Salisb. 1812
  4. Cymbidium hoosai Makino 1902
  5. Cymbidium sinense f. pallidiflorum (S.S.Ying) S.S.Ying 1990
  6. Cymbidium sinense f. taiwanianum (S.S.Ying) S.S.Ying 1990
  7. Cymbidium sinense var. pallidiflorum S.S.Ying 1987
  8. Cymbidium sinense var. taiwanianum S.S.Ying 1987
  9. Epidendrum sinense Andrews 1802