Dendrobium crumenatum

Den. crumenatum.jpg

Scientific Classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Magnoliophyta
Class: Liliopsida
Order: Asparagales
Subfamily: Epidendroideae
Tribe: Dendrobieae
SubTribe: Dendrobiinae
Genus: Dendrobium
Species: Den. crumenatum
Binomial name
Dendrobium crumenatum
Swartz 1799

Dendrobium crumenatum is a species of genus Dendrobium

Description[edit | edit source]

It produces white, 5cm wide, fragrant flowers with a yellow tinted throat. Flowers are short lived and will "close" into a banana-like shape similar to buds.

The bloom cycle is triggered by sudden drops in temperature (at least 5.5 °C or 10 °F), usually as a result of rain, although the same effect can be artificially created. The plant produces a fragrant smell, but only for two days. Flowers taste somewhat sweet.

Distribution[edit | edit source]

Plants are found in semi deciduous lowland forest in Chinese Himalayas, Taiwan, India, Sri Lankha, Andaman Islands, Myanamar, Thailand, Malaysia, Cambodia, Laos, Vietnam, Lesser Sunda Islands, Moluccas,Sulawesi, Sumatra, New Guinea, Christmas Islands and the Philippines from elevations of 0 to 500 meters.

Culture[edit | edit source]

Plant requires intermediate to warm temperatures and medium amounts of light. Keep plant moist but not wet. Water when potting media is almost dry but still slightly moist. Unlike other dendrobiums, Den. crumenatum does not appear to have a definite resting period. Grow in a well drain mix of sphagnum moss or medium fir bark. Plant can also be mounted on slabs and directly on trees.

Naming[edit | edit source]

Common Names:The Purse-Shaped Dendrobium, The Pigeon Orchid, The Bag-Shaped Dendrobium

Synonyms[edit | edit source]

    • Angraecum crumenatum Rhump.
  1. Aporum crumenatum (Sw.) Brieger 1981
  2. Aporum ephemerum (J.J.Sm.) Rauschert 1983
  3. Aporum kwashotense (Hayata) Rauschert 1983
  4. Aporum papilioniferum (J.J.Sm.) Rauschert 1983
  5. Aporum scalpelliforme (Teijsm. & Binn.) Rauschert 1983
  6. Callista crumenatum [Sw.] O.Ktze. 1891
  7. Ceraia ephemera (J.J.Sm.) M.A.Clem. 2003
  8. Ceraia papilionifera (J.J.Sm.) M.A.Clem. 2003
  9. Ceraia parviflora (Ames & C.Schweinf.) M.A.Clem. 2003
  10. Ceraia simplicissima Lour. 1791
  11. Dendrobium caninum Merr. 1921
  12. Dendrobium ceraia Lindley 1830
  13. Dendrobium coninum Sw. ?
  14. Dendrobium crumenatum var. parviflora Ames & C.Schweinf. in ?
  15. Dendrobium cumulatum Krzl not Lindley ?
  16. Dendrobium ephemerum (J.J.Sm.) J.J.Sm. in E.D.Merrill 1917
  17. Dendrobium kwashotense Hayata 1914
  18. Dendrobium papilioniferum J.J.Sm. 1905
  19. Dendrobium papilioniferum var. ephemerum J.J.Sm 1905
  20. Dendrobium schmidtianum Krzl. 1902
  21. Dendrobium simplicissimum [Loureiro]Kraenzlin 1910
  22. Epidendrum caninum Burm. f. 1768
  23. Epidendrum ceraia Raeusch. 1797
  24. Onychium crumenatum [Sw] Blume 1825
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