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Lycaste

Lycaste skinneri plate.jpg
Lycaste skinneri from
Lindenia Iconographie des Orchidées

Scientific Classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Magnoliophyta
Class: Liliopsida
Order: Asparagales
Family:Orchidaceae
Subfamily: Epidendroideae
Tribe: Maxillarieae
SubTribe: Lycastinae
Alliance:
Genus: Lycaste
Lindley 1842
Type Species
Lycaste macrophylla


Lycaste, abbreviated as Lyc in horticultural trade, is a genus of orchids that contains about 30 species with egg-shaped pseudobulbs and thin, plicate (pleated) leaves.

Distribution[]

Plants are found from Mexico through tropical America

Description[]

Lycaste flowers, like all orchid blooms, have three petals and three sepals. The petals are typically yellow, white, or orange, and the sepals are yellow, orange, green, or reddish brown. The petals and sepals may be marked sparsely or densely with red, reddish purple, purple, or reddish brown spots. The lip (ventral petal) may be very similar to the other two petals, as in Lycaste aromatica or Lycaste brevispatha, or colored quite distinctively, as in several subspecies and varieties of Lycaste macrophylla. Most Lycaste flowers are medium in size, averaging about 5 to 10 cm, but Lyc. schilleriana is 16-18 cm across. Some Lycaste blooms have a unique fragrance - the scent of Lyc. aromatica has been variously described as cinnamon or clove. The blooms of the species Lyc. cochleata, consobrina, and cruenta also have a pleasant scent.

Culture[]

Plants are usually grown in medium light with cool to warm temperatures. Use a mix of 75% fine fir bark with 25% perlite or use full sphagnum moss. Water regularly. Watering should be done when potting mix just begins to dry. Plants prefer high humidity. They need a two to three week dry rest in the late winter. Resume water and fertilizer when new growth appears.

Naming[]

The plant is named after the daughter of Priamos king of the Trojans

Species[]

  • Lycaste angelae Oakeley, 2008.
  • Lycaste aromatica (Graham) Lindl., 1843.
  • Lycaste bradeorum Schltr., 1923.
  • Lycaste brevispatha (Klotzsch) Lindl. & Paxton,1852.
  • Lycaste bruncana Bogarín, 2007.
  • Lycaste campbellii C.Schweinf., 1949.
  • Lycaste candida Lindl., 1851.
  • Lycaste cochleata Lindl., 1851.
  • Lycaste consobrina Rchb.f., 1852.
  • Lycaste crinita Lindl., 1844.
  • Lycaste cruenta (Lindl.) Lindl., 1843.
  • Lycaste crystallina Wubben ex Oakeley, 2008.
  • Lycaste deppei (Lodd. ex Lindl.) Lindl., 1843.
  • Lycaste dowiana Endres & Rchb.f., 1874.
  • Lycaste dunstervillei Bergold, 1996.
  • Lycaste farinosa Kraenzl., 1920.
  • Lycaste fuscina Oakeley, 2008.
  • Lycaste guatemalensis Archila, 1999.
  • Lycaste hennisiana Kraenzl., 1906.
  • Lycaste lanipes Lindl., 1843.
  • Lycaste lasioglossa Rchb.f., 1872.
  • Lycaste leucantha (Klotzsch) Lindl., 1851.
  • Lycaste longipetala (Ruiz & Pav.) Garay, 1962.
  • Lycaste luminosa Oakeley, 1991.
  • Lycaste macrobulbon (Hook.) Lindl., 1851.
  • Lycaste macrophylla (Poepp. & Endl.) Lindl., 1842.
  • Lycaste mattogrossensis Barb.Rodr., 1898.
  • Lycaste measuresiana (B.S.Williams) Oakeley, 2007.
  • Lycaste mesochlaena Rchb.f. & Warsz., 1854.
  • Lycaste mezae D.E.Benn. & Oakeley, 1994.
  • Lycaste neglecta Schltr., 1929.
  • Lycaste occulta Oakeley, 2007.
  • Lycaste panamanensis Fowlie ex Oakeley, 2008.
  • Lycaste powellii Schltr., 1922.
  • Lycaste puntarenasensis (Fowlie) Oakeley, 2007.
  • Lycaste schilleriana Rchb.f., 1855.
  • Lycaste skinneri Lindl., 1843.
  • Lycaste suaveolens Summerh., 1931.
  • Lycaste tricolor Rchb.f. in W.G.Walpers, 1863.
  • Lycaste viridescens (Oakeley) Oakeley, 2007.
  • Lycaste xanthocheila (Fowlie) Oakeley, 2007.
  • Lycaste xytriophora Linden & Rchb.f. in W.W.Saunders, 1872.

Natural Hybrids[]

  • Lycaste × balliae Rolfe, 1898.
  • Lycaste × cobani Oakeley, 2008.
  • Lycaste × daniloi Oakeley, 2008.
  • Lycaste × donadrianii Tinschert ex Oakeley, 2008.
  • Lycaste × groganii E.Cooper, 1931.
  • Lycaste × imschootiana L.Linden & Cogn., 1893.
  • Lycaste × lucianiana Van Imschoot & Cogn., 1883.
  • Lycaste × michelii Oakeley, 1993.
  • Lycaste × niesseniae Oakeley, 2007.
  • Lycaste × panchita Tinschert ex Oakeley, 2008.
  • Lycaste × sandrae Oakeley, 2008.
  • Lycaste × smeeana Rchb.f., 1883.

Resources[]

PDF icon.pngAOS Lycaste culture sheet


References[]

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