Maxillarieae

Max striata plate.jpg
A plate featuring Maxillaria striata

Scientific Classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Magnoliophyta
Class: Liliopsida
Order: Asparagales
Family:Orchidaceae
Subfamily: Epidendroideae
Tribe: Maxillarieae
Subtribe:


Maxillarieae is a large and complex tribe of orchids native to South and Central America.

Tribe Maxillarieae contains 70 to 80 genera with about 2800 species; most grow in tropical America as terrestrials or epiphytes, a few are myco-heterotrophs (formerly called saprophytes).

Features[edit | edit source]

Most show pseudobulbs, but a few have reedlike stems or thick underground stems. Blooms have four pollinia.

Taxonomy[edit | edit source]

SubTribes[edit | edit source]

Bifrenariinae[edit | edit source]

This subtribe includes genera with thin and pleated leaves. The genera in this subtribe include:

  1. Bifrenaria
  2. Xylobium

Corallorhizinae[edit | edit source]

This subtribe contains epiparasites terrestrial orchid genus. Members of this subtribe include:

  1. Corallorrhiza
  2. Aplectrum

Coeliopsidinae[edit | edit source]

Dichaeinae[edit | edit source]

Lycastinae[edit | edit source]

Plants in this subtribe have thin and pleated leaves.

  1. Anguloa
  2. Bifrenaria
  3. Ida
  4. Lycaste
  5. Neomoorea
  6. Rudolfiella
  7. Teuscheria
  8. Xylobium

Maxillariinae[edit | edit source]

Maxillariinae largest subtribe with nearly half of the tribe species. Features include leathery leaves that are folded together lengthwise. Genera of this subtribe include:

  1. Chrysocycnis
  2. Cyrtidium
  3. Maxillaria
  4. Mormolyca
  5. Pityphyllum
  6. Scuticaria
  7. Sepalosaccus
  8. Trigonidium

Ornithocephalinae[edit | edit source]

Stanhopeinae[edit | edit source]

  1. Braemia Clade
    1. Braemia
  2. Gongora Clade
    1. Cirrhaea
    2. Gongora
  3. Acineta Clade
    1. Acineta
    2. Lacaena
    3. Vasqueziella
  4. Polycycnis Clade
    1. Kegeliella
    2. Polycycnis
    3. Sotersanthus
  5. Stanhopea Clade
    1. Coryanthes
    2. Embreea
    3. Stanhopea
    4. Sievekingia
  6. Houlletia Clade
    1. Horichia
    2. Houlletia
    3. Jennyella
    4. Paphinia
    5. Schlimmia
    6. Trevoria

Telipogoninae[edit | edit source]

Zygopetilinae[edit | edit source]

References[edit | edit source]

This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia (view authors). Smallwikipedialogo.png
  • W. Mark Whitten, Norris H. Williams and Mark W. Chase (2000). "Subtribal and generic relationships of Maxillarieae (Orchidaceae) with emphasis on Stanhopeinae: combined molecular evidence". American Journal of Botany 87: 1842-1856.
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