Maxillarieae is a large and complex tribe of orchids native to South and Central America.
Tribe Maxillarieae contains 70 to 80 genera with about 2800 species; most grow in tropical America as terrestrials or epiphytes, a few are myco-heterotrophs (formerly called saprophytes).
Most show pseudobulbs, but a few have reedlike stems or thick underground stems. Blooms have four pollinia.
This subtribe includes genera with thin and pleated leaves. The genera in this subtribe include:
This subtribe contains epiparasites terrestrial orchid genus. Members of this subtribe include:
Plants in this subtribe have thin and pleated leaves.
Maxillariinae largest subtribe with nearly half of the tribe species. Features include leathery leaves that are folded together lengthwise. Genera of this subtribe include:
- Braemia Clade
- Gongora Clade
- Acineta Clade
- Polycycnis Clade
- Stanhopea Clade
- Houlletia Clade
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- W. Mark Whitten, Norris H. Williams and Mark W. Chase (2000). "Subtribal and generic relationships of Maxillarieae (Orchidaceae) with emphasis on Stanhopeinae: combined molecular evidence". American Journal of Botany 87: 1842-1856.