Maxillarieae is a large and complex tribe of orchids native to South and Central America.
Tribe Maxillarieae contains 70 to 80 genera with about 2800 species; most grow in tropical America as terrestrials or epiphytes, a few are myco-heterotrophs (formerly called saprophytes).
Features[edit | edit source]
Most show pseudobulbs, but a few have reedlike stems or thick underground stems. Blooms have four pollinia.
Taxonomy[edit | edit source]
SubTribes[edit | edit source]
Bifrenariinae[edit | edit source]
This subtribe includes genera with thin and pleated leaves. The genera in this subtribe include:
Corallorhizinae[edit | edit source]
This subtribe contains epiparasites terrestrial orchid genus. Members of this subtribe include:
Coeliopsidinae[edit | edit source]
Dichaeinae[edit | edit source]
Lycastinae[edit | edit source]
Plants in this subtribe have thin and pleated leaves.
Maxillariinae[edit | edit source]
Maxillariinae largest subtribe with nearly half of the tribe species. Features include leathery leaves that are folded together lengthwise. Genera of this subtribe include:
Ornithocephalinae[edit | edit source]
Stanhopeinae[edit | edit source]
- Braemia Clade
- Gongora Clade
- Acineta Clade
- Polycycnis Clade
- Stanhopea Clade
- Houlletia Clade
Telipogoninae[edit | edit source]
Zygopetilinae[edit | edit source]
References[edit | edit source]
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- W. Mark Whitten, Norris H. Williams and Mark W. Chase (2000). "Subtribal and generic relationships of Maxillarieae (Orchidaceae) with emphasis on Stanhopeinae: combined molecular evidence". American Journal of Botany 87: 1842-1856.