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Oncidium

Oncidium concolor plate.jpg
Oncidium concolor from
Lindenia Iconographie des Orchidées

Scientific Classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Magnoliophyta
Class: Liliopsida
Order: Asparagales
Family:Orchidaceae
Subfamily: Epidendroideae
Tribe: Cymbidieae
SubTribe: Oncidiinae
Alliance:
Genus: Oncidium
Sw. 1800
Type Species
Oncidium altissimum


Oncidium, abbreviated as Onc in horticultural trade, is a genus that contains about 330 species of orchids from the subfamily Epidendroideae of the orchid family (Orchidaceae).

Distribution[]

Plants in this genus are distributed through out tropical and subtropical Americas, growing as epiphytes, although some are lithophytes or terrestrials.

Description[]

The genus was first described by O. Swartz in 1800 in Kungliga Svenska Vetenskapakademiens Avhandlingar.

The flowers of the Oncidium genus come in shades of yellow, red, white and pink. The petals are often ruffled on the edges, as is the lip. The lip is enormous, partially blocking the small petals and sepals.

Culture[]

Grow in cool to warm conditions with moderate to bright light. Water the plant right before the potting mix starts to dry. Plants should be potted in a well drain medium such as medium fir bark.

Naming[]

Its name is derived from the Greek word "onkos", meaning "swelling". This refers to the callus at the lower lip.

Synonyms[]

  1. Chelyorchis Dressler & N.H. Williams 2000
  2. Coppensia Dum. 1835
  3. Cyrtochilos Spreng. 1826
  4. Lophiaris Raf. 1836[1838]
  5. Olgasis Raf. 1836[1837]
  6. Stilifolium Koniger & Pongr. 1997
  7. Trigonochilum Königer & Schildhauer 1994
  8. Xaritonia Raf. 1836[1838]
  9. Xielyanthum Raf. 1836

Species[]

  • Oncidium abortivum Rchb.f., 1850.
  • Oncidium abruptum Linden & Rchb.f. ex Kraenzl. in H.G.A.Engler (ed.),1922.
  • Oncidium acinaceum Lindl., 1841.
  • Oncidium adamantinum Marçal & Cath.,2006.
  • Oncidium adelaidae Königer, 1995.
  • Oncidium albini Schltr., 1926.
  • Oncidium allenii Dressler, 2001.
  • Oncidium altissimum (Jacq.) Sw., 1800.
  • Oncidium amabile Rchb.f., 1865.
  • Oncidium amictum Lindl., 1847.
  • Oncidium amoenum A.Rich. & Galeotti, 1845.
  • Oncidium andradeanum Dodson & D.E.Benn., 1989.
  • Oncidium angustisegmentum D.E.Benn. & Christenson, 1998.
  • Oncidium ansiferum Rchb.f., 1852.
  • Oncidium anthocrene Rchb.f., 1876.
  • Oncidium antioquiense Kraenzl. in H.G.A.Engler (ed.), 1922.
  • Oncidium ariasii Königer, 1994.
  • Oncidium aurarium Rchb.f., 1884.
  • Oncidium auricula (Vell.) Pabst, 1957.
  • Oncidium aurarium Rchb.f., 1884
  • Oncidium auriferum Rchb.f., 1850.
  • Oncidium ayabacanum D.E.Benn. & Christenson, 1998.
  • Oncidium baccatum Garay & Dunst., 1976.
  • Oncidium barbaceniae Lindl., 1855.
  • Oncidium barbatum Lindl., 1821.
  • Oncidium baueri Lindl., 1833.
  • Oncidium bennettii Christenson, 1995.
  • Oncidium bicolor Lindl., 1843.
  • Oncidium bifolium Sims, 1812.
  • Oncidium blanchetii Rchb.f., 1850.
  • Oncidium bohnkianum V.P.Castro & G.F.Carr, 2006.
  • Oncidium boothianum Rchb.f., 1854.
  • Oncidium brachyandrum Lindl., 1838.
  • Oncidium brachystachys Kraenzl. in H.G.A.Engler (ed.), 1922.
  • Oncidium bracteatum Warsz. & Rchb.f., 1852.
  • Oncidium braunii Regel, 1886.
  • Oncidium brevilabrum Rolfe, 1894.
  • Oncidium brienianum Rchb.f., 1881.
  • Oncidium brunleesianum Rchb.f., 1881.
  • Oncidium bryocladium Schltr., 1924.
  • Oncidium bryolophotum Rchb.f., 1871.
  • Oncidium buchtienii Schltr., 1929.
  • Oncidium bustosii Königer, 2003.
  • Oncidium cajamarcae Schltr., 1921.
  • Oncidium calanthum Rchb.f., 1870.
  • Oncidium caldense Rchb.f., 1850.
  • Oncidium cardiostigma Rchb.f., 1854.
  • Oncidium caucanum Schltr., 1920.
  • Oncidium chapadense V.P.Castro & Campacci,1992.
  • Oncidium cheirophorum Rchb.f., 1852.
  • Oncidium chrysomorphum Lindl., 1855.
  • Oncidium chrysopteranthum Lückel, 1998.
  • Oncidium chrysopterum (Lindl.) Kraenzl., 1911.
  • Oncidium ciliatum Lindl., 1833.
  • Oncidium citrinum Lindl., 1835.
  • Oncidium cogniauxianum Schltr., 1921.
  • Oncidium coloratum Königer & J.G.Weinm.bis, 1994.
  • Oncidium concolor Hook., 1839.
  • Oncidium cornigerum Lindl., 1832.
  • Oncidium crassopterum Chiron, 2002.
  • Oncidium crispum Lodd. ex Lindl., 1833.
  • Oncidium cristatellum Garay, 1970.
  • Oncidium croesus Rchb.f., 1857.
  • Oncidium cruciatum Rchb.f., 1878.
  • Oncidium cruciferum Rchb.f. & Warsz., 1854.
  • Oncidium cultratum Lindl., 1845.
  • Oncidium dactyliferum Garay & Dunst., 1972.
  • Oncidium dactylopterum Rchb.f., 1875.
  • Oncidium dasytyle Rchb.f., 1873.
  • Oncidium decorum Königer, 1995.
  • Oncidium deltoideum Lindl., 1837.
  • Oncidium dichromaticum Rchb.f.,1855.
  • Oncidium disciferum Lindl., 1855.
  • Oncidium discobulbon Kraenzl., 1916.
  • Oncidium divaricatum Lindl., 1827.
  • Oncidium donianum Bateman ex W.Baxter in J.C.Loudon, 1850.
  • Oncidium echinops Königer, 1995.
  • Oncidium edmundoi Pabst, 1972.
  • Oncidium edwallii Cogn. in C.F.P.von Martius & auct. suc. (eds.), 1905.
  • Oncidium emilii Schltr., 1920.
  • Oncidium endocharis Rchb.f., 1884.
  • Oncidium ensatum Lindl., 1842.
  • Oncidium estradae Dodson, 1980.
  • Oncidium exalatum Hágsater, 1981.
  • Oncidium exasperatoides D.E.Benn. & Christenson, 2001.
  • Oncidium excavatum Lindl., 1838.
  • Oncidium fasciculatum Hágsater, 1980.
  • Oncidium fasciferum Rchb.f. & Warsz., 1854.
  • Oncidium fimbriatum Lindl., 1833.
  • Oncidium flexuosum Lodd., 1820.
  • Oncidium forbesii Hook., 1839.
  • Oncidium fuchsii Königer, 2005.
  • Oncidium fuscans Rchb.f., 1881.
  • Oncidium fuscatum Rchb.f. in W.G.Walpers, 1863.
  • Oncidium fuscopetalum (Hoehne) Garay & Stacy, 1974.
  • Oncidium gardneri Lindl., 1843.
  • Oncidium geertianum C.Morren, 1848.
  • Oncidium gilvum (Vell.) Pabst, 1957.
  • Oncidium gracile Lindl., 1837.
  • Oncidium graciliforme C.Schweinf., 1938.
  • Oncidium graminifolium (Lindl.) Lindl., 1841.
  • Oncidium gravesianum Rolfe, 1892.
  • Oncidium gutfreundianum Chiron & V.P.Castro, 2003.
  • Oncidium hapalotyle Schltr., 1921.
  • Oncidium hastatum (Bateman) Lindl., 1850.
  • Oncidium hastilabium (Lindl.) Beer, 1854.
  • Oncidium hernandezii Königer, 2005.
  • Oncidium herzogii Schltr., 1913.
  • Oncidium heteranthum Poepp. & Endl., 1836.
  • Oncidium heterodactylum Kraenzl. in H.G.A.Engler (ed.), 1922.
  • Oncidium hians Lindl., 1838.
  • Oncidium hieroglyphicum Rchb.f. & Warsz., 1854.
  • Oncidium hintonii L.O.Williams, 1941.
  • Oncidium hookeri Rolfe, 1887.
  • Oncidium hydrophilum Barb.Rodr., 1877.
  • Oncidium hyphaematicum Rchb.f., 1869.
  • Oncidium imitans Dressler, 1997.
  • Oncidium incurvum Barker ex Lindl., 1840.
  • Oncidium inouei T.Hashim., 1990.
  • Oncidium insigne (Rolfe) Christenson, 2002.
  • Oncidium ionopterum Rchb.f., 1876.
  • Oncidium iricolor Rchb.f., 1854.
  • Oncidium isopterum Lindl., 1837.
  • Oncidium isthmi Schltr., 1922.
  • Oncidium itapetingense V.P.Castro & Chiron, 2003.
  • Oncidium jarmilae Königer, 2005.
  • Oncidium kautskyi Pabst, 1976.
  • Oncidium kraenzlinianum Cogn. in C.F.P.von Martius & auct. suc. (eds.), 1896.
  • Oncidium lancifolium Lindl. in G.Bentham, 1845.
  • Oncidium leinigii Pabst, 1972.
  • Oncidium leleui R.Jiménez & Soto Arenas, 1990.
  • Oncidium lentiginosum Rchb.f., 1854.
  • Oncidium leopardinum Lindl., 1855.
  • Oncidium lepidum Linden & Rchb.f., 1870.
  • Oncidium lepturum Rchb.f., 1886.
  • Oncidium leucochilum Bateman ex Lindl., 1837.
  • Oncidium lietzei Regel, 1880.
  • Oncidium ligiae Königer, 1995.
  • Oncidium lineoligerum Rchb.f. & Warsz., 1854.
  • Oncidium loefgrenii Cogn. in C.F.P.von Martius & auct. suc. (eds.), 1896.
  • Oncidium longicornu Mutel, 1838.
  • Oncidium longipes Lindl., 1850.
  • Oncidium lucasianum Rolfe, 1894.
  • Oncidium luteum Rolfe, 1893.
  • Oncidium lykaiosii R.Vásquez & Dodson, 2001.
  • Oncidium macropetalum Lindl., 1841.
  • Oncidium maculatum (Lindl.) Lindl., 1841.
  • Oncidium magdalenae Rchb.f., 1855.
  • Oncidium magnificum Senghas, 1993.
  • Oncidium maizifolium Lindl., 1846.
  • Oncidium majevskyi Toscano & V.P.Castro, 1983.
  • Oncidium mantense Dodson & R.Estrada, 2003.
  • Oncidium marshallianum Rchb.f., 1866.
  • Oncidium martianum Lindl., 1837.
  • Oncidium martinezii Königer, 2005.
  • Oncidium massangei E.Morren, 1877.
  • Oncidium mathieuanum Rchb.f. & Warsz., 1856.
  • Oncidium micropogon Rchb.f., 1854.
  • Oncidium microstigma Rchb.f., 1854.
  • Oncidium millianum Rchb.f., 1878.
  • Oncidium miserrimum Rchb.f., 1855.
  • Oncidium montanum Barb.Rodr., 1877.
  • Oncidium nebulosum Lindl., 1841.
  • Oncidium niesseniae Königer, 1996.
  • Oncidium nigratum Lindl. & Paxton, 1850.
  • Oncidium nitidum Barb.Rodr., 1881.
  • Oncidium oblongatum Lindl., 1844.
  • Oncidium obryzatoides Kraenzl. in H.G.A.Engler (ed.), 1922.
  • Oncidium obryzatum Rchb.f. & Warsz., 1854.
  • Oncidium oliganthum (Rchb.f.) L.O.Williams ex Correll, 1948.
  • Oncidium orbatum Kraenzl. in H.G.A.Engler (ed.), 1922.
  • Oncidium ornithocephalum Lindl., 1855.
  • Oncidium ornithopodum Rchb.f., 1879.
  • Oncidium ornithorhynchum Kunth in F.W.H.von Humboldt, 1816.
  • Oncidium orthostates Ridl., 1887.
  • Oncidium orthostatoides D.E.Benn. & Christenson, 1994.
  • Oncidium orthotis Rchb.f., 1888.
  • Oncidium ottonis Schltr., 1914.
  • Oncidium ouricanense V.P.Castro & Campacci, 1992.
  • Oncidium pabstii Campacci & C.Espejo, 1998.
  • Oncidium panamense Schltr., 1922.
  • Oncidium panchrysum Lindl., 1849.
  • Oncidium panduratum Rolfe, 1895.
  • Oncidium paranaense Kraenzl., 1911.
  • Oncidium paranapiacabense Hoehne, 1938.
  • Oncidium pardoglossum Rchb.f., 1886.
  • Oncidium parviflorum L.O.Williams, 1942.
  • Oncidium pectorale Lindl., 1840.
  • Oncidium peltiforme Königer, 1999.
  • Oncidium pentadactylon Lindl., 1845.
  • Oncidium pergameneum Lindl. in G.Bentham, 1842.
  • Oncidium pictum Kunth in F.W.H.von Humboldt, A.J.A.Bonpland & C.S.Kunth, 1816.
  • Oncidium picturatum Rchb.f., 1854.
  • Oncidium pirarense Rchb.f., 1850.
  • Oncidium planilabre Lindl., 1851.
  • Oncidium platychilum Schltr., 1924.
  • Oncidium polyadenium Lindl., 1855.
  • Oncidium polycladium Rchb.f. ex Lindl., 1855.
  • Oncidium polyodontum Kraenzl. in H.G.A.Engler (ed.), 1922.
  • Oncidium pongratzianum Königer & J.Portilla, 2005.
  • Oncidium portillae Königer, 2000.
  • Oncidium posadarum Königer, 1995.
  • Oncidium praetextum Rchb.f., 1873.
  • Oncidium pubes Lindl., 1826.
  • Oncidium punctulatum Dressler, 2001.
  • Oncidium pyramidale Lindl., 1845.
  • Oncidium pyxidophorum Rchb.f., 1879.
  • Oncidium ramosum Lindl., 1837.
  • Oncidium raniferum Lindl., 1837.
  • Oncidium reductum Kraenzl., 1929.
  • Oncidium reflexum Lindl., 1837.
  • Oncidium regentii V.P.Castro & G.F.Carr, 2005.
  • Oncidium retusum Lindl., 1827.
  • Oncidium riograndense Cogn. in C.F.P.von Martius & auct. suc. (eds.), 1906.
  • Oncidium riviereanum St.-Lég., 1904.
  • Oncidium rodrigoi Königer, 1999.
  • Oncidium rutkisii Foldats, 1996.
  • Oncidium sarcodes Lindl., 1849.
  • Oncidium saxicola Schltr., 1924.
  • Oncidium schillerianum Rchb.f., 1854.
  • Oncidium schunkeanum Campacci & Cath., 1991.
  • Oncidium schwambachiae V.P.Castro & Toscano, 1983.
  • Oncidium sellowii Cogn. in C.F.P.von Martius & auct. suc. (eds.), 1906.
  • Oncidium sessile Lindl. & Paxton, 1850.
  • Oncidium silvanoi Königer, 2001.
  • Oncidium silvanum V.P.Castro & Campacci, 1991.
  • Oncidium sphacelatum Lindl., 1841.
  • Oncidium spilopterum Lindl., 1844.
  • Oncidium stelligerum Rchb.f., 1873.
  • Oncidium stenobulbon Kraenzl. in H.G.A.Engler (ed.), 1922.
  • Oncidium storkii Ames & C.Schweinf., 1930.
  • Oncidium tectum Rchb.f., 1875.
  • Oncidium tenellum F.Gérard, 1847.
  • Oncidium tenuipes Kraenzl., 1916.
  • Oncidium tetrotis Rchb.f. & Warsz., 1854.
  • Oncidium tigratum Rchb.f. & Warsz.,1854.
  • Oncidium tigrinum Lex. in P.de La Llave & J.M.de Lexarza, 1825.
  • Oncidium tipuloides Rchb.f., 1852.
  • Oncidium toachicum Dodson, 1980.
  • Oncidium trachycaulon Schltr., 1920.
  • Oncidium trinasutum Kraenzl. in H.G.A.Engler (ed.), 1922.
  • Oncidium truncatum Pabst, 1955.
  • Oncidium tsubotae Königer, 1996.
  • Oncidium unguiculatum Lindl., 1846.
  • Oncidium uniflorum Booth ex Lindl., 1843.
  • Oncidium universitas-cuencae Königer & D.Vázquez, 2007.
  • Oncidium varicosum Lindl., 1837.
  • Oncidium vasquezii Christenson, 1996.
  • Oncidium veltenianum (V.P.Castro & Chiron) Königer, 2005.
  • Oncidium venustum Drapiez, 1836.
  • Oncidium vernixium Linden & Rchb.f., 1870.
  • Oncidium viperinum Lindl., 1833.
  • Oncidium waluewa Rolfe, 1896.
  • Oncidium warmingii Rchb.f., 1881.
  • Oncidium warszewiczii Rchb.f., 1852.
  • Oncidium weddellii Lindl., 1855.
  • Oncidium welteri Pabst, 1956.
  • Oncidium wentworthianum Bateman ex Lindl., 1840.
  • Oncidium widgrenii Lindl., 1855.
  • Oncidium williamsii Schltr., 1912.
  • Oncidium xanthornis Rchb.f. ex Kraenzl. in H.G.A.Engler (ed.), 1922.
  • Oncidium zappii Pabst, 1976.
  • Oncidium zelenkoanum Dressler & Pupulin, 2003.

Natural Hybrids[]

  • Oncidium × ann-hadderae Moir, 1972. (O. haitiense × O. variegatum)
  • Oncidium × cassolanum V.P.Castro & Campacci, 2001. (O. cornigerum × O. riograndense}
  • Oncidium × colnagoi Pabst, 1976. (O. forbesii × O. zappii)
  • Oncidium × domingense Moir, 1969. (O. haitiense × O. variegatum subsp. scandens)
  • Oncidium × floride-phillipsae Moir & A.D.Hawkes, 1967. (O. prionochilum × O. variegatum)
  • Oncidium × gardstyle Braem & Campacci, 1995. (O. dasystyle × O. gardneri)
  • Oncidium × inopinatum Christenson, 2003. (O. karwinskii × O. unguiculatum)
  • Oncidium × litum Rchb.f., Gard. Chron., 1883. (O. crispum × O. forbesii)
  • Oncidium × scullyi Pabst & A.F.Mello, 1977. (O. gardneri × O. gravesianum)


References[]

This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia (view authors). Smallwikipedialogo.png
  • Harry Zelenko :The Pictorial Encyclopaedia of Oncidium (1997)
  • Koniger, W. 2003. New species of the genera Masdevallia, Oncidium and Sigmatostalix. Arcula no. 12: 298-311.
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