Ophrys lutea

Ophrys lutea

Scientific Classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Magnoliophyta
Class: Liliopsida
Order: Asparagales
Subfamily: Orchidoideae
Tribe: Orchideae
SubTribe: Orchidinae
Genus: Ophrys
Species: Ophrys lutea
Alliance: Orchis
Binomial name
Ophrys lutea
Linnaeus 1753

Ophrys lutea is a yellow European orchid.


Ophrys lutea is found in Portugal, Spain, France, Italy, Greece and the surrounding Mediterranean islands and plus western area North Africa in cool grassy areas of 0 to 1800m in elevation.


It is found in areas with partial sun. Plant blooms from winter to spring with two to ten 2.5 cm flowers.


Ophrys lutea zingaro

Ophrys lutea in its habitat

Plant should be grown from seeds. Avoid fertilizers, transplanting, and fungicide because it may kill the symbiotic fungus. Plant in low nutrient soil with partial sun.


Ophrys lutea galilaea Ophrys lutea subsp. galilaea
(Cav. (H. Fleischm. & Bornm.) Soó)
Sepals and petals are light green, lip has a brown spot with a yellow green edge. Plant is found in Europe and west Africa
Ophrys lutea melena Ophrys lutea subsp. melena
( (Renz) Paulus & Gack 1990)
Sepals are green. Lip is brown with a yellow edge.
Ophrys lutea minor Ophrys lutea subsp. minor
( (Todaro) O. & E. Danesch 1975)
Green sepals and petals, Lip is fringed and has spot of brown on fringed area and on lip
Ophrys lutea phryganae Ophrys lutea subsp. phryganae
( H.E. Paulus & Gack (1990))
Green sepals and petals, Lip is fringed and has a spot of brown


Common Name: Yellow Ophrys, The Egg Yellow Ophyrs, The Yellow Bee Orchid


Ophrys lutea plate

Illustration of Ophrys lutea

  1. Arachnites lutea var. minor Todaro 1842
  2. Ophrys archimedea P.Delforge & M.Walravens 2000
  3. Ophrys aspea Devillers-Tersch. & Devillers 2000
  4. Ophrys fusca var. subfusca (Rchb.f.) Rchb. 1851
  5. Ophrys fenarolii Ferlan 1956
  6. Ophrys × gauthieri nothosubsp. fenarolii (Ferlan) H.Baumann & Künkele 1986
  7. Ophrys lutea subsp. minor (Todaro) O. & E. Danesch 1975
  8. Ophrys lutea subsp. murbeckii (Fleischmann) Soó
  9. Ophrys lutea subsp. subfusca (Rchb.f.) Murb. 1899
  10. Ophrys lutea var. minor (Tod.) Raynaud 1895
  11. Ophrys lutea var. subfusca Rchb.f. 1851
  12. Ophrys migoutiana F.Gay 1888
  13. Ophrys minor (Tod.) Paulus & Gack in ?
  14. Ophrys murbeckii Fleischmann 1925
  15. Ophrys numida Devillers-Tersch. & Devillers 2000; Ophrys phryganae #Devillers-Tersch. & Devillers 1991
  16. Ophrys sicula Tineo 1817
  17. Ophrys subfusca (Rchb.f.) Batt. 1910
  18. Ophrys subfusca subsp. fenarolii (Ferlan) Del Prete 1984