Orchis anthropophora plate
Orchis anthropophora from Album des Orchidées d'Europe

Scientific Classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Magnoliophyta
Class: Liliopsida
Order: Asparagales
Subfamily: Orchidoideae
Tribe: Orchideae
SubTribe: Orchidinae
Genus: Orchis
Tourn. ex L. 1753
Type Species
Orchis militaris

Orchis is a genus of terrestrial orchids.


This genus occurs mainly in Europe, NW Africa, and it stretches as far as Mongolia, China and Japan.


These terrestrial orchids have tubers instead of pseudobulbs. They are extremely diverse in appearance. They produce an erect stem. The inflorescence is a cylindrical to globular spike 5 - 15 cm long with yellow, red to purple flowers. They start flowering at the base, slowly progressing upwards, except the Monkey orchid (Orchis simia) that flowers in reverse order.


Plants prefer well-drained low-fertility soils and areas with partial shade. This species is cool to intermediate growing. Water regularly. Divide plant when flower fades.


This genus gets its name from the Greek όρχις orchis, meaning "testicle", from the appearance of the paired subterranean tuberoids.

Species Edit

Natural HybridsEdit


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External LinksEdit

CulturesheetsOrchis at

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