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Phaius

Phaius tankervilleae plate.jpg
Phaius tankervilleae plate from
The Orchid Album

Scientific Classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Magnoliophyta
Class: Liliopsida
Order: Asparagales
Family:Orchidaceae
Subfamily: Epidendroideae
Tribe: Arethuseae
SubTribe: Bletiinae
Alliance:
Genus: Phaius
Lour. 1790
Type Species
Phaius tankervilleae


Phaius is a genus of large, mostly terrestrial orchids (family Orchidaceae). The genus has about 30 species.

Distribution[]

These species are found in tropical Asia, into China, Japan, Australia, and west to Africa and Madagascar.

Description[]

Phaius are medium to large sized orchids that are usually terrestrial with a few epiphyte species.


Culture[]

Plants usually require shade and varies in temperature requirements depending on the species. Some species can tolerate full sunlight. Plants should be potted in a mix that retain some moisture such as 40% fir bark, 30% sphagnum moss, and 30% soil. Medium should be kept moist during growing season. When growth matures with hold watering for 3 to 4 weeks. Repotting should be done after flowering. . New plants can be obtained from the old spikes by laying the spike out in sand and half covering it.

Naming[]

The genus is named after the flowers which turns with after blooming for a period of time.

Synonyms[]

  1. Cephalantheropsis Guillaumin 1960
  2. Hecabe Raf. 1838
  3. Limatodis Lindley 1825
  4. Pachyne Salisb. 1812
  5. Pesomeria Lindl. 1838
  6. Tankervillia Link 1829

Species[]

  • Phaius australis F.Muell., (1858).
  • Phaius baconii J.J.Wood & Shim in C.L.Chan. & al., (1994).
  • Phaius bernaysii F.Muell. ex Rchb.f., (1873).
  • Phaius borneensis J.J.Sm., (1903).
  • Phaius callosus (Blume) Lindl., 8 (1831).
  • Phaius columnaris C.Z.Tang & S.J.Cheng, (1985).
  • Phaius corymbioides Schltr., (1911).
  • Phaius daenikeri Kraenzl., (1929).
  • Phaius delavayi (Finet) P.J.Cribb & Perner, (2002).
  • Phaius ecalcaratus J.J.Sm., (1911).
  • Phaius epiphyticus Seidenf., (1985).
  • Phaius flavus (Blume) Lindl., (1831).
  • Phaius fragilis L.O.Williams, (1938).
  • Phaius gratus Blume, (1856).
  • Phaius guizhouensis G.Z.Li, (1990).
  • Phaius hainanensis C.Z.Tang & S.J.Cheng, (1982).
  • Phaius indigoferus Hassk., (1842).
  • Phaius indochinensis Seidenf. & Ormerod, (1995).
  • Phaius klabatensis J.J.Sm., (1926).
  • Phaius labiatus J.J.Sm., (1920).
  • Phaius longibracteatus (S.Moore) Frapp. ex Cordem., (1895).
  • Phaius luridus Thwaites, (1861).
  • Phaius lyonii Ames, (1915).
  • Phaius mannii Rchb.f., (1881).
  • Phaius mindorensis Ames, Philipp. J. Sci., (1907).
  • Phaius mishmensis (Lindl. & Paxton) Rchb.f., (1857).
  • Phaius montanus Schltr., (1912).
  • Phaius nanus Hook.f., (1890).
  • Phaius occidentalis Schltr. in O.Warburg (ed.), (1903).
  • Phaius pauciflorus (Blume) Blume, (1856).
    • Phaius pauciflorus var. pallidus (Ridl.) Holttum, (1947).
    • Phaius pauciflorus subsp. pauciflorus .
    • Phaius pauciflorus var. punctatus (Lindl.) J.J.Sm., (1920).
    • Phaius pauciflorus subsp. sabahensis J.J.Wood & A.L.Lamb in J.J.Wood & al., (1993).
    • Phaius pauciflorus var. sumatranus J.J.Sm., Bull. Jard. (1920).
  • Phaius philippinensis N.E.Br., (1889).
  • Phaius pictus T.E.Hunt, (1952).
  • Phaius pulchellus Kraenzl., (1882).
    • Phaius pulchellus var. ambrensis Bosser, (1971).
    • Phaius pulchellus var. andrambovatensis Bosser, (1971).
    • Phaius pulchellus var. pulchellus .
    • Phaius pulchellus var. sandrangatensis Bosser, (1971).
  • Phaius reflexipetalus J.J.Wood & Shim in C.L.Chan. & al., 1 (1994).
  • Phaius robertsii F.Muell., (1883).
  • Phaius sinensis Rolfe, (1913).
  • Phaius stenocentron Schltr., (1911).
  • Phaius subtrilobus Ames & C.Schweinf. in O.Ames, (1920).
  • Phaius tahitensis Schltr., 1 (1926).
  • Phaius takeoi (Hayata) H.J.Su, (1989).
  • Phaius tankervilleae (Banks ex L'Hér.) Blume, (1856).
  • Phaius tenuis Rchb.f., (1857).
  • Phaius terrestris (L.) Ormerod, 4 (1994).
  • Phaius tetragonus (Thouars) Rchb.f., (1855).
  • Phaius trichoneurus Schltr., (1925).
  • Phaius villosus (Thouars) Blume, (1856).
  • Phaius wallichii Lindl. in N.Wallich, (1831).
  • Phaius wenshanensis F.Y.Liu, (1991).

References[]

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