Serapias lingua

Serapias lingua

Scientific Classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Magnoliophyta
Class: Liliopsida
Order: Asparagales
Subfamily: Orchidoideae
Tribe: Orchideae
SubTribe: Orchidinae
Genus: Serapias
Species: Serapias lingua
Binomial name
Serapias lingua
Linne 1753

Serapias lingua is a terrestrial orchid that is found in Europe.


Serapias lingua is found in western North Africa, Spain, Portugal, France, Italy, Yugoslavia, Albania, Greece and all the Mediteranean islands west of Crete at elevations of 0 to 200 meters. Plant is usually found in damp meadows and open fields


Plants flower in spring to early summer with 2.5 cm flowers and then they go dormant in mid and late summer.


Serapias lingua 07-05-25 West van Carcassonne (gewone tongorchis) 1

Serapias lingua in its habitat

Grow in partial sun. Plant grows in cool to cold temperatures and should be water regularly during growing season and reduced during flowering. With hold watering during dormancy period (in winter and summer) and mist occasionally. Pot with 70% fine to medium grade perlite or clay and 30% soil, peat, or bark. Plant can tolerate frost.


Serapias lingua alba Serapias lingua subsp. stenopetala Sepals and petals are light green, lip is yellow and bigger
Serapias lingua red Serapias lingua varinent Sepals, lip, and petals have red veins.
Serapias lingua w Serapias lingua varinent Sepals, lip, and petals are white and pink on the edge.


Common Name: Toungue orchid, The Tongue Serapias


Serapias lingua plate
  1. Helleborine leucoglottis Steud. 1821
  2. Helleborine Lingua Pers. 1807
  3. Helleborine oxyglottis Pers. 1807
  4. Lonchitis oxyglottis (Willd.) Bubani 1901
  5. Orchis lingua (L.) Scop. 1772
  6. Serapias brevibracteata St.-Lag. 1880
  7. Serapîas columnae (Rchb. f.) Lojacono 1909
  8. Serapias excavata Schlechter 1923
  9. Serapias glabra Lapeyr. 1813
  10. Serapias laxiflora var. columnae Rchb. f 1851
  11. Serapias lingua f. pallidiflora E.G.Camus, Bergon & A.Camus 1908
  12. Serapias lingua subsp. duriaei (Rchb. ex Batt.) Maire 1931
  13. Serapias lingua subsp. oxyglottis (Willd.) Maire & Weiller 1959
  14. Serapias lingua subsp. stenopetala (Maire & Stephenson) Maire & Weiller 1959
  15. Serapias lingua subsp. veneris Balayer 1986
  16. Serapias lingua var. duriaei Rchb. ex Batt. 1884
  17. Serapias lingua var. flavescens Balayer 1986
  18. Serapias lingua var. hirsuta Boiss. 1842
  19. Serapias lingua var. leucantha J.A.Guim. 1887
  20. Serapias lingua var. longibracteata J.A.Guim. 1887
  21. Serapias lingua var. oxyglottis (Willd.) E.G.Camus 1908
  22. Serapias lingua var. rubescens Balayer 1986
  23. Serapias lingua var. stenopetala (Maire & T.Stephenson) Maire 1938
  24. Serapias mauretanica Schltr. 1923
  25. Serapias oxyglottis Willd. 1805; Serapias oxyglottis var. pallescens Mutel 1836
  26. Serapias parviflora var. columnae (Rchb. f.) Ascherson & Graebner ?
  27. Serapias stenopetala Maire & Stephenson 1930
  28. Serapias stricta Welw. ex Woods 1858
  29. Serapias strictiflora Welw. ex Veiga 1886
  30. Serapiastrum lingua (L.) A.A.Eaton 1908