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Sobralia

Sobralia xantholeuca plate.jpg
Sobralia xantholeuca plate from Lindenia Iconographie des Orchidées

Scientific Classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Magnoliophyta
Class: Liliopsida
Order: Asparagales
Family:Orchidaceae
Subfamily: Epidendroideae
Tribe: Arethuseae
SubTribe: Sobraliinae
Alliance:
Genus: Sobralia
Ruiz & Pav. 1794
Type Species
Sobralia dichotoma


Sobralia is a genus of about 125 orchids (family Orchidaceae) and the only genus of the subtribe Sobraliinae.

Distribution[]

It is native to Central and South America. The plants are more commonly terrestrial, but are also found growing epiphytically, in wet forests from 0 to 2680 meters in elevation.

Description[]

Their reed-like stems range in height from about 1 ft (such as in Sobralia galeottiana) to 25-30 ft. They have typically heavily veined, bilobed, plicate, apical leaves all along the stem. The inflorescenses on the apex of the stem carry one or two successive ephemeral flowers with large sepals and petals. The short duration of the flower is caused by a self-digesting enzyme. The lip is entire or lobed and clasps the column at its base. This columns carries eight soft pollinia. These flowers range in color from pure white to yellow, green, pink, purple, red, brown, and even a blue violet.

Culture[]

Grow in partial to full sun usually in cool to intermediate temperatures. Plants can be grown in sandy soil or bark with perlite. Keep the mix moist but not wet during growing season. Reduce watering after leaves develop. Never let the mix dry out for long periods.

Naming[]

The genus was named for Dr. Francisco Sobral, a Spanish botanist.

Synonyms[]

  1. Cyathoglottis Poepp. & Endl.
  2. Fregea Rchb.f.
  3. Lindsayella Ames & C.Schweinf.

Species[]

The type species is Sobralia dichotoma

  • Sobralia allenii L.O.Williams 1942.
  • Sobralia altissima D.E.Benn. & Christenson 1999.
  • Sobralia amabilis Rchb.f. L.O.Williams 1946.
  • Sobralia anceps Schltr. 1924.
  • Sobralia antioquiensis Schltr. 1920.
  • Sobralia atropubescens Ames & C.Schweinf. 1930 : Black-haired Sobralia
  • Sobralia augusta Hoehne. 1944
  • Sobralia aurantiaca Linden & Rchb.f. 1854
  • Sobralia biflora Ruiz & Pav. 1798.
  • Sobralia bimaculata Garay 1975 : 2-Spot Sobralia
  • Sobralia bletiae Rchb.f. 1852.
  • Sobralia boliviensis Schltr. 1913.
  • Sobralia buchtienii Schltr. 1929.
  • Sobralia calliantha D.E.Benn. & Christenson. 2001
  • Sobralia caloglossa Schltr. 1929 : Beautiful-lipped Sobralia
  • Sobralia candida Poepp. & Endl. Rchb.f. 1853 : White Sobralia
  • Sobralia carazoi Lank. & Ames 1924.
  • Sobralia cataractarum Hoehne 1910 : Cataract Sobralia
  • Sobralia cattleya Rchb.f. 1877.
  • Sobralia chatoensis A.H.Heller & A.D.Hawkes 1966.
  • Sobralia chrysantha Lindl. 1854.
  • Sobralia chrysoleuca Rchb.f. 1873.
  • Sobralia chrysostoma Dressler 2001 : Golden Mouth Sobralia
  • Sobralia ciliata C.Presl C.Schweinf. ex Foldats 1969 : Fine-haired Sobralia
  • Sobralia crispissima Dressler 2002.
  • Sobralia crocea Poepp. & Endl. Rchb.f. 1853 : Saffron-yellow Sobralia
  • Sobralia decora Bateman 1842 : Beautiful Sobralia
  • Sobralia densifoliata Schltr. 1920.
  • Sobralia dichotoma Ruiz & Pav. 1798 : Two-piece Sobralia (type species)
  • Sobralia dissimilis Dressler 1995.
  • Sobralia dorbignyana Rchb.f. 1873.
  • Sobralia doremiliae Dressler 1995.
  • Sobralia ecuadorana Dodson 1998 : Ecuadorian Sobralia
  • Sobralia exilis Schltr. 1920.
  • Sobralia fimbriata Poepp. & Endl. 1836 : Fringed Sobralia
  • Sobralia fragrans Lindl. 1853 : Fragrant Sobralia
  • Sobralia fruticetorum Schltr. 1913.
  • Sobralia galeottiana A.Rich. 1845 : Sitting Sobralia
  • Sobralia gentryi Dodson 1998.
  • Sobralia gloriana Dressler 2002.
  • Sobralia gloriosa Rchb.f. 1873.
  • Sobralia granitica G.A.Romero & Carnevali 2000.
  • Sobralia hagsateri Dodson 1998.
  • Sobralia hawkesii A.H.Heller 1966.
  • Sobralia helleri A.D.Hawkes 1966.
  • Sobralia herzogii Schltr. 1913 : Herzog's Sobralia
  • Sobralia hirta D.E.Benn. & Christenson. 2001
  • Sobralia hirtzii Dodson 2004 (Ecuador)
  • Sobralia hoppii Schltr. 1924 : Hopp's Sobralia
  • Sobralia infundibuligera Garay & Dunst. 1965 : Trumpet Sobralia
  • Sobralia kermesina Garay 1956.
  • Sobralia kerryae Dressler 1998.
  • Sobralia klotzscheana Rchb.f. 1850 : Klotzsch' Sobralia
  • Sobralia labiata Warsz. & Rchb.f. 1852.
  • Sobralia lancea Garay 1958 : Lanceolate Sobralia
  • Sobralia leucoxantha Rchb.f. 1866 : White-yellow Sobralia
  • Sobralia liliastrum Lindl. 1833 : Star-lily Sobralia
  • Sobralia lindleyana Rchb.f. 1852.
  • Sobralia lowii Rolfe 1890.
  • Sobralia luerorum Dodson 1998.
  • Sobralia luteola Rolfe 1898.
  • Sobralia macdougallii Soto Arenas Pérez-García & Salazar 2002 publ. 2003.
  • Sobralia macra Schltr. 1923.
  • Sobralia macrantha Lindl. 1838 : Large-flowered Sobralia
    • Sobralia macrantha var. kienastiana Rchb.f. 1888.
    • Sobralia macrantha var. macrantha
  • Sobralia macrophylla Rchb.f. 1852 : Large-leafed Sobralia
  • Sobralia madisonii Dodson 1980.
  • Sobralia maduroi Dressler 2004 (Colombia)
  • Sobralia malmiana Pabst 1979.
  • Sobralia malmquistiana Schltr. 1911.
  • Sobralia margaritae Pabst 1977.
  • Sobralia mariannae Dressler 2002.
  • Sobralia mucronata Ames & C.Schweinf. 1925.
  • Sobralia mutisii P.Ortiz 2004.
  • Sobralia neudeckeri Dodson 1998.
  • Sobralia nutans Dressler 2002.
  • Sobralia odorata Schltr. 1924.
  • Sobralia oliva-estevae Carnevali & I.Ramírez 1990.
  • Sobralia oroana Dodson 1998.
  • Sobralia paludosa Linden 1851.
  • Sobralia paradisiaca Rchb.f. 1850.
  • Sobralia pardalina Garay 1978.
  • Sobralia parviflora L.O.Williams 1938.
  • Sobralia persimilis Garay 1978.
  • Sobralia pfavii Schltr. 1923.
  • Sobralia piedadiae Dodson 1998.
  • Sobralia portillae Christenson 2003.
  • Sobralia powellii Schltr. 1922 : Powell's Sobralia
  • Sobralia pulcherrima Garay 1978 : Very Beautiful Sobralia
  • Sobralia pumila Rolfe 1893 : Dwarf Sobralia
  • Sobralia purpurea Dressler 2000.
  • Sobralia quinata Dressler 2003.
  • Sobralia rigidissima Linden ex Rchb.f. 1854.
  • Sobralia roezlii Rchb.f. 1873 : Roezl's Sobralia
  • Sobralia rolfeana Schltr. 1922.
  • Sobralia rondonii Hoehne 1910.
  • Sobralia rosea Poepp. & Endl. 1836 : Rose-colored Sobralia
  • Sobralia roseoalba Rchb.f. 1866.
  • Sobralia ruckeri Linden & Rchb.f. 1854.
  • Sobralia ruparupaensis D.E.Benn. & Christenson: 2001.
  • Sobralia rupicola Kraenzl. 1908.
  • Sobralia sancti-josephi Kraenzl. 1928.
  • Sobralia sanfelicis Dressler 2004 (Panama)
  • Sobralia schultzei Schltr. 1924.
  • Sobralia scopulorum Rchb.f. 1873.
  • Sobralia semperflorens Kraenzl. 1915.
  • Sobralia setigera Poepp. & Endl. 1836.
  • Sobralia sobralioides Kraenzl. Garay 1978.
  • Sobralia speciosa C.Schweinf. 1961.
  • Sobralia splendida Schltr. 1920.
  • Sobralia stenophylla Lindl. 1854 : Thin-leafed Sobralia
  • Sobralia stevensonii Dodson 1998.
  • Sobralia tamboana Dodson 1998.
  • Sobralia turkeliae Christenson 2002.
  • Sobralia undatocarinata C.Schweinf. 1938.
  • Sobralia uribei P.Ortiz 1994.
  • Sobralia valida Rolfe 1909.
  • Sobralia violacea Linden ex Lindl. 1846 : Violet Sobralia
  • Sobralia virginalis Peeters & Cogn. 1899 : Virgin Sobralia
  • Sobralia warszewiczii Rchb.f. 1852.
  • Sobralia weberbaueriana Kraenzl. 1905.
  • Sobralia wilsoniana Rolfe 1890.
  • Sobralia withneri D.E.Benn. & Christenson: 2001 : Withner's Sobralia
  • Sobralia xantholeuca B.S.Williams 1885 : Yellow-white Sobralia
  • Sobralia yauaperyensis Barb. Rodr. 1891 : Yauaperi River Sobralia

Natural Hybrids[]

  • Sobralia × intermedia P.H.Allen 1958.

References[]

This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia (view authors). Smallwikipedialogo.png
  • Ortiz, V. P. 2004. - Las especies Colombianas de Sobralia Ruiz & Pav., seccion Sobralia. The Colombian species of Sobralia Ruiz & Pav., section Sobralia. Orquideologia 23(1): 49-65
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