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Stanhopeinae

Stanhopea quadricornis plate.jpg
Stanhopea quadricornis from Illustrations of Orchidaceous Plants

Scientific Classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Magnoliophyta
Class: Liliopsida
Order: Asparagales
Family:Orchidaceae
Subfamily: Epidendroideae
Tribe: Gongoreae
Subtribe: Stanhopeinae


Stanhopeinae is a subtribe of plants in the Orchid family.

Features[]

The subtribe in the strict sense, have viscidia and stipes that are thin and strap-like, they are adapted for attachment to edge of the bee's scutellum or to a leg. Pseudobulbs are usually ribbed/four-angled or flattened. Leaves are generally thicker than Coeliopsidinae. Roots are smooth, without prominent root hairs. The column foot is lacking or not distinct. Unpollinated flowers quickly abscise and fall from the inflorescence, unlike members of Coeliopsidinae which include Coeliopsis, Lycomormium & Peristeria. Stanhopeinae and Coeliopsidinae are now considered closely related sister subtribes.

The genus Archivea is only known by a watercolor painting by T. Duncanson in the herbarium archives of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. No pressed specmins or living material is known, so it can not be grouped into a specific clade.

All species in this subtribe are exclusively pollinated by male euglossine bees, which are attracted to the floral fragrances, and collect them. One orchid species may attract only one or a few species of bees from dozens of species in the habitat.

Taxonomy[]

Genera[]

Acineta[]

Acineta antioquiae

For details see Acineta


Archivea[]

Braemia[]

Cirrhaea[]

Coryanthes[]

Coryanthes picturata

For details see Coryanthes


Embreea[]

Gongora[]

Gongora rufescens

For details see Gongora


Horichia[]

Houlletia[]

Houlletia brocklehurstiana

For details see Houlletia



Kegeliella[]

Lacaena[]

Lacaena spectabilis

For details see Lacaena



Lueddemannia[]

Lueddemannia pescatorei

For details see Lueddemannia



Paphinia[]

Paphinia posadarum

For details see Paphinia


Penislegia does not exist. The name is not published.[]

Polycycnis[]

Schlimmia[]

Schlimmia trifida

For details see Schlimmia


Sievekingia[]

Soterosanthus[]

Stanhopea[]

Stanhopea pozoi

For details see Stanhopea


Trevoria[]

Vasqueziella[]

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