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Jurassic World: Dominion Dominates Fandom Wikis - The Loop

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Stanhopeinae
Stanhopea quadricornis plate.jpg

Stanhopea quadricornis from Illustrations of Orchidaceous Plants
Scientific Classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Magnoliophyta
Class: Liliopsida
Order: Asparagales
Family:Orchidaceae
Subfamily: Epidendroideae
Tribe: Gongoreae
Subtribe: Stanhopeinae


Stanhopeinae is a subtribe of plants in the Orchid family.

Features

The subtribe in the strict sense, have viscidia and stipes that are thin and strap-like, they are adapted for attachment to edge of the bee's scutellum or to a leg. Pseudobulbs are usually ribbed/four-angled or flattened. Leaves are generally thicker than Coeliopsidinae. Roots are smooth, without prominent root hairs. The column foot is lacking or not distinct. Unpollinated flowers quickly abscise and fall from the inflorescence, unlike members of Coeliopsidinae which include Coeliopsis, Lycomormium & Peristeria. Stanhopeinae and Coeliopsidinae are now considered closely related sister subtribes.

The genus Archivea is only known by a watercolor painting by T. Duncanson in the herbarium archives of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. No pressed specmins or living material is known, so it can not be grouped into a specific clade.

All species in this subtribe are exclusively pollinated by male euglossine bees, which are attracted to the floral fragrances, and collect them. One orchid species may attract only one or a few species of bees from dozens of species in the habitat.

Taxonomy

Genera

Acineta

Acineta antioquiae 2.jpg
Acineta antioquiae
For details see Acineta


Coryanthes

Coryanthes picturata.jpg
Coryanthes picturata
For details see Coryanthes


Gongora

Gongora rufescens.jpg
Gongora rufescens
For details see Gongora


Houlletia

Houlletia brocklehurstiana 'Spitskop'.jpg
Houlletia brocklehurstiana
For details see Houlletia



Lacaena

Lacaena spectabilis.jpg
Lacaena spectabilis
For details see Lacaena



Lueddemannia

Lueddemannia pescatorei.jpg
Lueddemannia pescatorei
For details see Lueddemannia



Paphinia

Paphinia posadarum.jpg
Paphinia posadarum
For details see Paphinia


Schlimmia

Schlimmia trifida.jpg
Schlimmia trifida
For details see Schlimmia


Stanhopea

Stanhopea pozoi.jpg
Stanhopea pozoi
For details see Stanhopea


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